Slash’s “Sweet Child of Mine”, Brian May of Queen’s “Bohemian Rhapsody”, Eric Clapton’s “Wonderful Tonight” and Carlos Augusto Santana Alves’ “Maria Maria” Do you recognize all of these? These are songs popularized by some of the greatest guitarists of all time. People sang their music, danced with their rhythms, and enjoyed every performance they did with their guitars. But have you ever wondered how these guitars came into existence?
Guitars used to be ordinary instruments, those that could not meet the standards of classical music. In fact in the early 19th century, Fernando Sor has started the battle in raising the level of guitars in the music industry to the highest as possible. Soon enough, Sor seemed to have gained success in his quest.
Now, guitars have gained popularity as a choice of musical instrument. Basically, it’s a six-stringed instrument, but you can also find those with four, seven, eight, ten, eleven, twelve, and thirteen strings.
A 4000-year-old stone carving of the Hittite bard is probably the most ancient graphical symbol that depicts the basic features of guitars. Indo-Europeans, Central Asians and Indians showed the earliest use of guitars as a musical instrument during their everyday living, while Europeans have developed guitars during the medieval period.
Roman cithara, an instrument from Rome arrived in Spain in the year 40 AD. Moors soon brought oud, an instrument with four strings, and then Scandinavians introduced their lutssoon after. From these instruments, Spain had put guitars on its most modern form. There came two types of guitars, the Moorish and Latin. From the two, the modern guitar was patterned after Latin guitars.
These guitars were utilized by persons of the lower and middle class, while aristocrats used vihuela or viola de mano. These were Spain’s very own contribution to the development of guitars in the 16th century.
Though the three major types of guitars are electric, classical and acoustic, many guitar variations have already come up today. Electric guitars were especially made for the growth of popular music in the United States. These guitars give a unique sound to any song, since they can be amplified and be given effects. Acoustic guitars make a soulful song with its pure tones, while classical guitars continue to embody the distinct sounds that the baroque and romantic eras once had.
In addition to these, many guitar brands have already come out. Some of these are Yamaha, Taylor, and Jackson, among others.